CONSERVE THE LEOPARDS CAMPAIGN
Leopards, formally known as Panthera pardus, are indeed majestic creatures. Formerly they inhabited almost entire Africa, Asia and Middle East – currently, their range is limited to just 25% of their whilom habitat.
Aggravating situation of leopards is reflected by their classification in the Red List of Endangered Species conducted by IUCN, where the Panthera pardus sp. is registered under VU code – vulnerable species. It has to be underlined that the status of leopards deteriorated in recent years, and this can be proved by analyzing their previous classifications in the Red List – in 2008 they were registered under NT code (near-thretened species) and in 2002 under LC code (least-concern species). Status of certain subspecies of Panthera pardus is particularly alarming, i.a. P. p. melas, that is Javan leopards (population of less than 250 adult individuals in the wild), P. p. nimr, that is Arabian leopards (population of between 45 and 200 individuals) and P. p. orientalis, that is Amur leopards (only about 60 individuals). Status of all of the above-specified subspecies is determined by the IUCN as critically endangered with extinction – CR code. The situation of P. p. ciscaucasica, that is Persian leopards (population of below 1000 individuals in the wild) and P. p. kotiya, that is Sri Lankan leopards (population of between 700 and 950 in the wild) is also pessimistic – both subspecies are classified as enangered – EN code.
The Conserve the Leopards Campaign is planned for realization in 2008 and will be oriented at active conservation of Panthera pardus subspecies labelled by the IUCN with CR code.